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PhD: Doctor of Philosophy degree: Why? How? When?

Since I’ve got my PhD degree, I was asked many times by friends and colleagues about the PhD So I decided to make a short clip, , or maybe a series of videos, about this subject. I will try in this video to answer the basic questions about the PhD degree. So I will try to answer these seven questions: 1- Why to take a PhD? 2- What does a PhD mean? 3- How to get a PhD degree? 4- When can you apply and when can you finish? 5- Where to apply? 6- How much time will it take? And finally, how much does it cost? Now let us start with the reasons which make you take a PhD degree in the first place. 1- To become a university professor. If you want to become a college professor, usually you can do it without a PhD degree, a master degree is sufficient. 2- To be employed as an expert in one specific domain. But usually this is limited to jobs which require continuous research effort; 3- You can start a PhD program also if you want to complete a vision of a scientific dream. For example, you may have a great idea and want to make accurate study about it and register it under your name. Your idea, in this case, should include a new scientific discovery or new invention; 4- To get recognition in the scientific society or in other words to get the title for its sake. This could be the case of many PhD students, but I hope you are not thinking this way and have a better reason from those three reasons I’ve just mentioned. Great! Let’s move now to the definition: PhD is an abbreviation of the Latin words Philosophiae Doctor or in English Doctor of Philosophy. My Definition to the person who hold the PhD title is as it follows: An expert in one field of science who can conduct a scientific research and proved that by publishing few successful research papers. In addition, a PhD is a person who discovered new items, developed something or reached new horizons in one scientific field. Let’s imagine that this circle represents all the knowledge we acquired until this day. Since the developments of the sciences are not perfectly equal, the actual knowledge circle takes this irregular shape; because some sciences are very developed and others are not. Now your mission is to find a less developed area in your domain … and try to push it up like this. Now we come to how to get a PhD degree. It is really very difficult to give one blue-print-like answer because it depends widely on the university and the country. However, you can follow one clear line which is: accomplish all the PhD requirements established or imposed by the university you want to start the PhD studies in. Fortunately, there are some common requirements worldwide. And here I mention the minimum required achievements in order to get a PhD: 1- Publish at least two research papers classified as ISI. Maybe I will explain in future videos how this can be done; 2- Participate, at least, at two national or international scientific conferences; 3- Make reports about the progress of the proposed thesis; 4- Write your final dissertation or thesis; Finally, defend your work, defend your final thesis. I think I need hours just to explain the basics of how to get a PhD. So you can leave a comment if you have any question about this point. OK, now let’s answer the “when” question. You ideally can start your PhD program after getting the master degree. However, some universities accept to let you start your PhD program directly after the bachelor degree. So you need to have a bachelor degree for sure, but whether you need a master degree or not, it depends on the university. There is no maximum limit of age, but it’s preferred to start before 30 year-old. If you are thinking to get a scholarship or sponsorship you need to start as young as possible because this will increase your chances. In addition, you have to start looking for a scholarship in the last year of your master, before February-March; because there is a deadline for application, usually in June. Let’s see now where to get your PhD degree. As I said earlier, first, I highly recommend to search for a scholarship. My advice is to look for the best universities in your domain which are located in the countries where you can perform the practical part of your thesis. And do not forget to make sure you find the right scientific supervisor. And one last note here, take into account the language of the country. To get a PhD degree, it takes you minimum 3 years. Usually there are no maximum time limits, unless you have a scholarship. The average person spends five years to get his PhD degree, but it also depends on the country. For example, the statistics show that the average period to get a PhD degree in the United States and the United Kingdom is about 8 years. In short, you will get your PhD degree when you accomplish the requirements imposed by the country and the university. Now what about the cost? PhD programs are usually supported financially by the university which means that in most of the cases you can get a scholarship or internship. In some countries you will not receive any financial aid, but neither will you pay, in so called program tax-free. Unfortunately, in some special cases you have no option but to pay huge taxes. That’s all. I hope I could answer these questions as clear as possible and I hope you enjoyed the video. If you have any question, please leave a comment below. And of course you can share this video as much as you like. Thank you for watching!


  1. clover scrobens
    clover scrobens August 3, 2017

    I'm supposed to be writing my research paper…why am I HERE?!?! lmao, thanks for the 7:35 minutes and seconds of time to relax and think about education.

  2. Revocati Kimario
    Revocati Kimario September 3, 2017

    am turning 35 years old am happy to know it is preferred to start PhD around 30 now 5 years more, but since no age limit and now having masters degree i will start very soon

  3. Revocati Kimario
    Revocati Kimario September 7, 2017

    Dr, am happy for your comments, am having masters in environmental studies if your can comment for my future it will help me. please help me for scholarship

  4. Metin Erdem
    Metin Erdem September 9, 2017

    Thank you. very useful video

  5. shreya gupta
    shreya gupta November 3, 2017

    Sir how many minimum rupees for phd programe

  6. Wil Streete
    Wil Streete November 20, 2017

    I thought it said why you should get a philosophy degree lol. Why? How? When? Seriously, why would anyone waste their time in college to study PHILOSOPHY? What a waste of time. (I want to be a theoretical physicist, btw. So, I make fun of philosophy.)

  7. Milind Gaikwad
    Milind Gaikwad November 27, 2017

    remove background sound

  8. Vijaya Bandi
    Vijaya Bandi December 5, 2017

    I want to do PhD in German University……I completed my Masters in VLSI… But I want to do PhD in signal processing…. how can I apply from India…

  9. Revocati Kimario
    Revocati Kimario December 6, 2017

    Thanks much Dr. I will never let you down doctor. I will work hard and I will inform you all steps. May our God bless you

  10. Sona V
    Sona V January 7, 2018

    I have got JRF in commerce. How should i find my area of interest. Where should i start from if my interrst is in finance and consumer behaviour?

  11. Kaur queen
    Kaur queen January 24, 2018

    Hlo… I wanna do phd in English literature. I m from india… Plzz help me sir..

  12. Md Hamid Raza Slg
    Md Hamid Raza Slg February 12, 2018


  13. Vishvajeet Sinh
    Vishvajeet Sinh February 28, 2018

    Can i do it on my own without an University as Im don't have a degree?

  14. Pavan E
    Pavan E March 18, 2018

    To do phd is there any entrance exam

  15. avik pandit
    avik pandit March 21, 2018

    How to do part time PhD in abroad?

  16. RNG Mrfreshasian
    RNG Mrfreshasian April 27, 2018

    what do u called a doctor that do a research to find unknown cancer or etc? is it a scientist?

  17. General Eisa
    General Eisa May 4, 2018

    Phd is too ****ing hard fo get

  18. Mohammad Makram
    Mohammad Makram June 24, 2018

    I have just applied for five UK universities this year and the result was rejection for my research proposal was not that good. Is there a reason that I can work on to develop my work?

  19. Paramjit BalSian
    Paramjit BalSian September 7, 2018

    Thanks sir for this videos nd sir I want to do PhD in Canada I'm from india I'm master degree holder in political science could you suggest me what should I do to get admitted there for phd

  20. M M islam
    M M islam October 8, 2018

    Does it need TWO recognized research papers to get in a programme???
    Or to finish PhD?

    SATISH PATLU October 15, 2018

    Am doing PhD for a name sake Dr. SATISH KUMAR

  22. Parashan Chakma
    Parashan Chakma January 7, 2019

    Sir, remove that background music. Can't even hear your voice because of that background music.

  23. tech avior
    tech avior March 6, 2019

    i want to do structured phd writting thesis and research paper is necessary??and what is the procedure of doing structured phd also i will get my marksheet in july but last date of filling application form is without marksheet what to do???

  24. Daithí Ó Scolaidhe
    Daithí Ó Scolaidhe May 7, 2019

    Hey, great quality video, love the music choice!! Can I ask for some advice on Vlogging for PhDs? I'm starting a channel and am wondering if you have any tips? Thanks a million!!

  25. Biomed Master
    Biomed Master July 4, 2019

    6:42 In Belgium, if you either get in as a teaching assistant, or land your scholarship, the stipend is in many cases more than you would earn as starter at your first job! I'm talking 2000 euro net salary here…I made a video on it on my channel. Indeed, it differs per country, but the highest stipends can be found in Europe (mostly even West and North EU). Great video to introduce a PhD program, Dr. Zakaria!

  26. Prakash bhosale
    Prakash bhosale July 5, 2019

    Very good information provided by Dr. yahia Zakaria

    To Get Free Tips About PhD Writing from Prof.Prakash Bhosale

    Just Whats-app @ +91-8097027355

  27. Skin& U
    Skin& U July 5, 2019

    Good information its really useful for PhD Students

    To Get Free Tips About PhD Writing from Prof.Prakash Bhosale

    Just Whats-app @ +91-8097027355

  28. Mathew_ Biby
    Mathew_ Biby July 11, 2019

    Thq brohh

  29. niceguy
    niceguy September 3, 2019

    Hello, this was a very useful video. Thank you so much from India 🙂

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